Hindi cinema was formerly known as Bombay cinema. The industry also encompasses the Tamil film industry (Kollywood), Telugu film industry (Tollywood) and other industries, which collectively comprises the Indian Cinema and makes it the world’s largest film industry in film production, with an annual output of 1,986 feature films in 2017 alone. Bollywood is its largest film producer, with 364 Hindi films produced in 2017. Bollywood represents 43 percent of Indian net box-office revenue; Tamil and Telugu cinema represent 36 percent, while the remaining regional cinema constitutes 21 percent (2014). In 2001 ticket sales, Indian cinema (including Bollywood) apparently sold an estimated 3.6 billion tickets worldwide, compared to Hollywood's 2.6 billion ticket sales. The ever growing industry has produced and continues to produce some award winning movies.
1. The Lunchbox (2013)
The Lunchbox is a 2013 Indian epistolary romantic film written and directed by Ritesh Batra. It was collectively produced by Guneet Monga, Anurag Kashyap, and Arun Rangachari. The film starred Irrfan Khan, Nimrat Kaur and Nawazuddin Siddiqui. At the time of its release, it was Irrfan Khan's highest-grossing Hindi film, up until it was surpassed by Hindi Medium. The movie won the Critics Week Viewer’s Choice Award at the Cannes Film Festival 2013.
2. Salaam Bombay! (1988)
Salaam Bombay! is a 1988 Indian film written and directed by Mira Nair. The screenwriting was conducted by her longtime creative collaborator, Sooni Taraporevala. The film follows the day-to-day life and activities of children living in the slums of Bombay. It stars Shafiq Syed, Hansa Vithal, Chanda Sharma, Raghuvir Yadav, Anita Kanwar, Nana Patekar and Irrfan Khan. The movie won the Camera d’Or and the Audience Award at the Cannes film festival.
3. Dil Se.. (1998)
Dil Se.. is a 1998 romantic thriller film set against the backdrop of the insurgency in Northeast India. It was written and directed by Mani Ratnam, and produced by Ratnam, Ram Gopal Varma, and Shekhar Kapur collectively. The film stars Shahrukh Khan and Manisha Koirala in the lead roles, while Preity Zinta makes her film debut in a supporting role. Dil Se.. bagged the Netpac Award at the Berlin International Film Festival 1999.
4. Gattu (2011)
Gattu is a 2012 Indian film directed by Rajan Khosa and written by K.D.Satyam. The film stars Mohammad Samad, Naresh Kumar, Zoya Arshad, Harshit Kaushik, Sarvasva Singh Pundir and Jayanta Das in leading roles. Gattu is a story that revolves around a 9 year old orphan who works in his uncle's garbage recycling business and is fascinated by Kite flying. Gattu bagged a special mention at the Deutsches Kinderhilfswerk category at the 62nd Berlin International Film Festival.
5. Titli (2014)
Titli is a 2014 Bollywood drama film written and directed by Kanu Behl. It is co-produced by Dibakar Banerjee Productions and Aditya Chopra under the banner of Yash Raj Films. In Titli, Behl manages to capture the volatility and instability of a society where violence lies restlessly just below the surface. Titli won the Best First Foreign Film Award which is given by the French Syndicate of Cinema Critics 2016.
6. Dhanak (2015)
Dhanak is a 2016 Indian Hindi film written and directed by Nagesh Kukunoor. Directed by Nagesh Kukonoor in 2015, Dhanak won the Grand Prix of the Generation Kplus International Jury for the best feature-length film at the 65th Berlin International Film Festival. The movie also won the Sneakers Children’s Festival in Poland.
7. Masaan (2015)
Masaan is a 2015 drama film directed by Neeraj Ghaywan. Masaan made it to the FIPRESCI Prize and the Avenir Prize in the Un Certain Regard at the Cannes Film Festival 2015.
8. Newton (2017)
Newton is an Indian black comedy drama film co-written and directed by Amit V. Masurkar. The film was produced by Manish Mundra under Drishyam Films. The film stars Rajkummar Rao, Pankaj Tripathi, Anjali Patil and Raghubir Yadav. At its premiere at 67th Berlin Film Festival, it won the International Federation of Art Cinemas (CICAE) award.
9. Kharij (1982)
Kharij is a Bengali film that was directed by Mrinal Sen. It is often translated as “The Case is Closed”. It narrates the story of a conventional middle-class family whose child servant is found dead, and it depicts their efforts to pacify his grieving father. The movie made it to the Cannes film festival and won a Special Jury Prize in 1983.
10. Do Bigha Zamin (1953)
Do Bigha Zamin is a Bimal Roy direction. The movie starred Balaraj Sahni, and Nirupa Roy. The film is based on Rabindranath Tagore's Bengali poem "Dui Bigha Jomi." It is known for its socialist subject matter, and is considered to be a trend setter in the cinema industry. It was nominated for many international awards and also won the Prix Internationale at the 1954 Cannes Film festival.
From Mehboob Khan’s ‘Mother India’ in 1958 to Mira Nair’s ‘Water’ in 2006, only 5 Indian films have made it to the Academy Awards also known as: the Oscars. Every year one movie is shortlisted by Film Federation of India, as India’s official entry to the Oscar awards but till now none of the movies has gone onto stake their claims on the prestigious “golden lady”. There have been individual Indian Oscar winners, who over the years have tasted success at the Annual Academy Awards, for their tremendous work, as well as an Honorary Lifetime Achievement award.