The Ketogenic Diet aka Keto trend started with celebrities like Kylie Jenner and Jennifer Lopez for rapid weight loss and keeping hunger under control. What started a diet plan used to help reduce the frequency of epileptic seizures in children has now started gaining momentum among general masses with each passing day. The Keto diet is basically a low/no carb diet e.g. 75% fat, 20% protein, and 5% carbohydrates that enables your body to enter a state of ketosis, where the body switches from burning carbs for fuel, to burning fat for fuel. In short, people following keto are actually running on fats.
Pros of the Keto Diet:
1. People having trouble shedding weight can have quick weight loss results
2. This helps in suppressing appetite
3. Amped up energy
4. Reduces insulin levels
5. Lowers cholesterol levels
6. Controls epileptic seizures
Cons of the Keto Diet:
1. Completely refrains you from eating a food group
2. Requires adaptation time
3. Not a very sustainable diet
4. This diet needs constant medical supervision.
What do the critics say about the Ketosis Diet?
According to The Japan Times, staying on a stringent low-carbohydrate diet for a long time may accelerate aging. Recently a group of scientists in Japan conducted an experiment on mice and found out that long period of low carb diets can drastically speed up aging and dull cognition.
She believes people following the keto diet are doing it for cosmetic reasons because it has the ability to do more harm than good. Most of the lost weight is water weight. Once you enter ketosis, you also begin to lose muscle, become extremely zonked out, and eventually enter starvation mode. Then it actually becomes even harder to lose weight,” according to dietician, Dr Lisa Chimperman at University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio.
Besides that, The USDA dietary guidelines recommend 20 – 35% of the diet be from fat. The keto diet requires double that amount or more, which is why it is also known as “bacon and butter diet” by the critics. A high fat diet has been linked to higher risk of coronary disease.
According to dietitian Kathy McManus, director of the Department of Nutrition at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women's Hospital “eating a restrictive diet, no matter what the plan, is difficult to sustain. Once you resume a normal diet, the weight will likely return”. Hence, Looking at the nature of Ketosis diet, and its range of positive and negative reviews, it is very important to go for complete medical assessment before jumping head first into it. If you are nursing, are diabetic or patient of high blood pressure, ensure complete modifications are made by your experienced dieticians.